Often referred to as “starfish,” the koi carp is an ornamental fish, native to Asia. How do you get to know this pet and take care of it? what is the price ? Here is a complete guide to get all the answers.
Delicate aquarium fish, koi carp – Cyprus Carpio It belongs to the common carp subspecies. The koi is distinguished by its color diversity, but also by its peaceful behavior. Therefore, more and more French people decided to purchase them to decorate their swimming pools. Who is hiding behind the koi and what are his needs?
Characteristics: identification of the koi congratulation
The koi carp is an oval-shaped fish that is distinguished by its thickets, which allow it to choose its food. Its average measure is 50 cm, but its size varies with age and species. The smallest koi measures 10 cm, while the largest can reach 1.20 meters. The female is larger than the male, making it a dimorphic species. By weight, it is necessary to count between 5 and 8 kg.
There is no single color for koi carp, but there are multiple varieties. There are 16 distinct groups, categorized by colour, glossiness of scales or texture. Many color variations occurred in the 19th centuryAnd Horn, after mating red, white and yellow carp. Here are the main patterns and colors that define koi:
- Koshibeni: red line around the mouth
- Tancho: a red spot on the top of the head
- Hikari: Metallic look
- Matsuba: a black spot in the center of the scales
- Mono: one color
- Hello: distributed red spots
- Nickname: the background color is red
Reproduction: how do we take care of it?
Koi carp can live up to 50 years if their environment permits, but their average lifespan is between 15 and 25 years. In order for koi fish to be healthy, they can be raised in a large pond, which is an ideal environment for this fish. The sandy or muddy the bottom, the better. An aquarium is never recommended for breeding koi fish.
To take care of her diet, adequate food for pond fish is sufficient. However, it is necessary to give preference to plants rather than proteins, since carp are omnivores and have a stronger appetite for herbivores. If the water temperature is below 6 degrees, the carp hibernates and no longer feeds. So it becomes pointless to maintain the frequency of regular meals too much. Here’s what you can put on his list:
- Spirulina algae, to bring its colors to life
- Floating seeds to ensure dietary diversity
- Silkworms, to consume protein during the growth phase
What is the size of a carp pond?
Adult carp need at least 1 m3 of water (5 m recommended fromGreat encyclopedia Koi). It adapts to any type of environment as long as it has enough water: a pond, a large aquarium … If the breeding area contains many carps or fish, multiply the amount: for six koi, counting 6000 liters with respect to the depth of the pool, A minimum threshold of 1.5 meters must be respected.
How to build and arrange a pond in your garden? Koi carp are often targeted by predators such as cats or large birds. This is why aquatic plants should be placed in the pond. It is also advisable to install an oxygen filtration and pumping system.
How much does carp koi cost?
The price of koi carp fluctuates significantly depending on the selected variety, but also according to size and weight. They are classified into three categories: A, B and C. The cheapest ones can cost between 50 and 100 euros, and the most expensive around 50,000 euros.
The tancho carp, in particular, is very popular among the Japanese because its dress echoes the flag of Japan: a red circle on a white background.
- Class A: Carb extracted from a Japanese farm, the price is very high
- Class B: Congratulations from Japanese flocks, but they are bred abroad, the price is high
- Class C: unrelated Japanese carp at an affordable price
Koi carp: what are the different types?
The A wonderful encyclopedia of wonderful koi It makes it possible to identify varieties of koi carp. Among the most famous, we note the Tancho, who can be recognized by a red circle on a white background at the level of the head. Kohaku, a white carp distinguished by its red spots, is very common. Some varieties are tricolor (red, black, white), such as Showa-Sanshoku and Taisho-Sanke. Chagwe carp, the color of tea, is known to be very peaceful – it is not afraid of humans.
Which fish breed with koi carp? In fact, all species can get along with koi, who are naturally friendly and manage the behavior of their companions.
What is the origin of koi carp?
The history of the koi carp goes back centuries. Contrary to popular belief, koi carp does not come from Japan but from China, where it was bred to be eaten. It was introduced to Japan when the Chinese invaded the island. at 19And Century The main varieties resulting from the crosses appear, thus forming noticeable color variations. Trapped for a long time in Niigata Prefecture, koi carp experienced a real boom in the twentyAnd Century in Japan, then from 1945 the world.
The meaning of the word koi in Japanese is “carp,” which makes the term “koi carp” redundant.