The 14 locations the most emitters of greenhouse gases in the world all are oil or gas extraction sites, according to a new emissions monitoring tool unveiled at COP27 in Egypt on Wednesday.
72,000 sites listed
The Climate TRACE evaluates, in particular thanks to satellite data, the emissions of more than 72,000 sites around the world, in different sectors, heavy industry, energy production, agriculture, transport, waste or even the mining industry.
Among these sites, there are 7 in the North and in the Pas-de-Calais: Cement damage, the Lumbres cement plant, Dunkirk in aluminumthe ArcelorMittal Dunkerque site, Lesquin Airportand the steelworks of Trith-Saint-Léger e Ascoval. The ArcelorMittal site is also, according to Climate TRACE, the 392nd most polluting site in the world, with nearly 10 million tonnes of CO2 emitted every year.
Led by a “coalition” of research labs, companies, NGOs and initially funded by a Google donation, Climate TRACE uses artificial intelligence processes to collect and analyze large amounts of data.
They come in particular from 300 satellites (from NASA, the European space agency, or even the Chinese program Gaofen), more than 11,000 physical sensors and various databases, explained two of its founders, including the former vice president of the United States and Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Al Gore during a presentation.
All data is accessible free of charge, in particular via an interactive map (climatetrace.org/map), in the objective ” greater transparency, cooperation and accountability for climate action Mr. Gore said.
A regularly updated site
The site was launched on Wednesday and the data will eventually be updated monthly, then weekly.
” The 14 most polluting sites are all oil or gas fields, the Permian basin (shale oilfield in Texas, United States) being the first in the world Mr. Gore explained.
” The 500 most polluting sites emit more each year than the United States (second polluter in the world) and 51% of these emissions come from power plants “, Mr. Gore further detailed.
The system is based in particular on algorithms that determine the data to be searched based on the sites (heat, steam, smoke, etc.), explained Gavin McCormick, another co-founder and director of the American NGO WattTime.
No more greenwashing?
” Make it harder to greenwash or, to be clearer, cheat “, Welcomed the Secretary General of the United Nations Antonio Guterres, who attended the presentation.
” You are filling a hole in the data and it is impossible to manage and control what we cannot measure
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