In the minds of animals

Attempting to understand and explain what goes on in the heads of non-human animal species is the daily life of behavioral scientists such as Michael Kreutzer who gives us a definition of his field of expertise: “Ethology, at first, is the study of animal behavior precisely, then we try to understand what its educational capabilities are, and then we integrate animal psychology and intelligence into these studies. Today, we know that animals are not just beings that act, think and have cognitive abilities, but they are also beings that live. They can feel happy and resentful, and have sensitivity and emotions as Darwin studied them. Emotions are fully included in behavioral studies, which are therefore no longer limited to behaviour. “

From Aristotle to Frans de Waal, we immerse ourselves in this endeavor with great behavioral scientists. What are their current research, experiences and areas of application. In a very concrete way, we are engaged in behavioral tests on talkative little quail.

Then we try to undo these questions by asking ourselves how philosophy views this discipline. What openness to the living world does it bring us? Thus, the philosopher Jean-Philippe Pieron analyzes what deontology can offer to man: “It re-establishes us in the continuity of living against the temptation to take ourselves out of it and think of ourselves as an island or a small island separate from the surroundings of others and from all life other than our own. .“.

As for Catherine Lin, she discussed the possibility of talking about the origins of the plant: “Plant etymology does not yet exist, meanwhile, there are more and more researchers and philosophers using the term behavior to describe all plant responses to constraint. We can actually talk about behavior in a world full of stimuli, signals, that the plant perceives, integrates with, and responds to. A world that will join the Umwelt concept of the world of life: there is a world of signs and there is the world as perceivable by living things and I think it is an idea that can do everything to extend to the world of plants“.

Umwelt, which we’ll also explore in this episode, is a fundamental concept of behavioral science, developed by philosopher-biologist Jakob Von Uexküll.

A documentary film written by Frank Besserrun out of Anne Flory.

With :

Michael Kreuzerethicologist, professor emeritus at the University of Paris Nanterre,

Cecilia HodelerLecturer in Ethics at Rennes 1 University,

Isabel Georgeresearcher at CNRS

Antoine Balzio The world of ancient anthropology

Jean-Philippe Byron Associate Professor and Doctor of Philosophy,

Etienne PimpinetPhilosopher and Professor of Contemporary Philosophy at Bordeaux Montaigne University

Yves Christinebiologist and science journalist,

Jill Buffa French biologist specializing in ecological physiognomy and biodiversity and expert in oceanography,

Catherine LynnResearch Professor of Plant Biology at the University of Clermont-Auvergne in Clermont-Ferrand

Jessica CiraPhD in behavioral sciences.

index

  • Ludovic DekelAnd The private life of an octopusHumenSciences, 2022
  • Jacob von OxkullAnd Animal environment and human environmentShores, 2010
  • Antoine BalzioAnd A Brief History of Human OriginsTalander, 2022
  • Michael KreuzerAnd behavioral sciencePhew, 2021
  • Yves ChristineAnd talented animalsEditions de Rocher, 2009
  • Jean-Philippe ByronAnd Stories of Life and Relationship to Plants: An Ecological Biography of GenesisHartman, 2021
  • Jean-Philippe ByronAnd I am who we are. A philosophical inquiry into our connection with the living South Business, 2021
  • Etienne PimpinetAnd Three Monkeys Complex. human animal test threshold, 2017
  • Catherine LynnAnd in the skin of the tree Belgium, 2021

links

  • cognitive behavioral science : Work edited by Jacques Vaucler and Michel Kreutzer, editor. Msh, 2004, online on the portal OpenEdition.
  • Camille Chamois *: Cognitive issues of the concept of Umwelt in Jakob von Uexküllat quadrilateral No. 21 Is there a human threshold? March 2016.
    *
  • Eric Baratay: For Moral History and Historical Ethicsappeared in Village Studies No. 189 of 2012.
  • Dominic Gillow*: Modern ethical research on social and cultural phenomena in the animal world: a renewed look in depthat social year, Flight. 66, No. 2, 2016.
    *

partnership

LSD, Documentary Series in partnership with tink the author’s documentary platform, which allows you to watch the film until 10/4/2022 Tessa Goose- plastic and glass – (9′ – 2009)

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