If we have reliable data every year relating to the “excess unemployment” of foreigners, we see that this is a phenomenon that specialists have long studied and tried to analyze. A few months ago, the Immigration History Museum he was synthesizing many of the factors that explain why unemployment affects immigrants most directly.
The latter, we learn, are more represented among unskilled workers. However, this is the socio-professional category most affected by unemployment. The lower average level of qualification of foreigners therefore constitutes a brake on employment. Otherwise, “discrimination linked to origin and place of residence” are highlighted. A surname and / or a name that sounds foreign, living in a neighborhood deemed sensitive in a poor city … These are all factors that can penalize candidates when they venture into the job market.
The National Institute for Demographic Studies (INED) revealed in 2017 the results of a survey conducted by its teams. Works that reveal “the excess of unemployment among immigrants and sons and daughters of immigrants from the Maghreb compared to people born in mainland France to French parents, which is not explained by their socio-economic situation (age, level of education, etc.)”. The Observatory of Inequalities adds to these results that “more recently arrived immigrants may have an imperfect command of the French language, which constitutes a difficulty in occupying certain jobs”. At the same time, “they do not all have the same networks of relationships in the world of work as people born in France”. A big drawback since then “There’s nothing like getting a job like having some well-placed connections.”
Finally, it should be noted that some of the jobs to be filled in France are simply not accessible to people of foreign nationality. There are about 5 million, for example in the public service, with positions that fall within the so-called “sovereignty” missions (military, police, tax officials, for example). We also mention the trade prohibited to non-Europeans in the private sector. Beverage retailers or tobacconists are therefore concerned.