“Like any synthetic index, it is a simplified synthesis of reality, which alone cannot account for the complexity of the socio-economic and cultural situation of the students”. By publishing the Social Ranking Indices (IPS) of the country’s schools and collegesbased on the average of characteristics such as diplomas, cultural practices, material conditions, ambition and parental involvement in their child’s education, warned the Ministry of Education. Reading these statistics, which show the average social level of an establishment across several dimensions, should be done with caution.
These data, established by averages (and parental statements) do not reveal the diversity of situations in every school in the country. Only information on the dispersion of IPS would be able to measure the social mix of a group. If they don’t say it all, the data sheds light on the population of the establishments at the top and bottom of the ranking, and provides information on the profile of schools and boarding schools and on the conditions in which pupils build themselves within the family context. The higher this index, the more these are seen as conducive to academic success. GPIs below 81 therefore show one of the most disadvantaged environments, while an index above 124 reveals a very supportive environment.
Private sector tops IPS for Cher colleges and schools
Nationally in the 2021-2022 school year, the GPI ranges from 49.6 for a school in Guyana to 155.6 for a public school in Yvelines. The average index of elementary schools (public and contracted private) stands at 102.77, well above that of Cher (98). In the department, the Paul-Arnault school, in the Gibjoncs district of Bourges (63.9) is at one extreme, while the Saint-Étienne private primary school, also in Bourges (127.1) is at the otheropposite the Berruyère Beaumont-Carolus school (122.1).
Photo Pierrick Delobelle
While it should be emphasized that we have averages here, which say nothing about the mix within the establishments, some parts of the territory stand out, in particular the districts of Bourges (Gibjoncs and Cancelleria) and Vierzon (where the GPI is 84.3 in the municipality) , which concentrate the difficulties and whose schools fall within the priority educational networks. Among the below average IPS there are also some rural schools in the south of the Cher.
Regarding colleges, we observe in the country a variation from 51.3 for an establishment in Guyana to 157.6 for a college in Yvelines. Same geography of the schools, then. IPS is also higher than Cher’s: 103.36 versus 98.2. The lowest index concerns the Édouard-Vaillant college in Vierzon (75.1). And the highest (120) the private boarding school Sainte-Marie in Bourges.
It should be noted that for colleges the Department does not rely on IPS for the allocation of its grants. “The operating grants were voted on in the October departmental meeting. They are not based on these data”, assures Anne Cassier, vice-president of the departmental council in charge of Education, who specifies that the number of pupils, as well as the existence of Segpa, Ulis or UP2A classes for newly arrived pupils France is taken into account consideration in the calculation, and that the most disadvantaged families are also awarded departmental scholarships, out of a total budget of 470,000 euros.
In the Cher, it is therefore the same vast establishment, the Bourges-Centre school complex, which shows the highest IPS for colleges and schools. It is a contracted private structure, not subject to sectorisation. What confirms the perception of a French school based on a dualistic system, with a private school reserved for privileged children? This reading grid is the one that monopolized attention the day after the publication of the data. At the national level, the examination of the data reveals in fact strong disparities between public and private institutions, given that it confirms a study on social segregation in universities at the beginning of the 2021 school year. .The inventory showed that the private contract sector hosted twice as many socially advantaged pupils as the public sector and twice as many disadvantaged pupils.
. And he highlighted the fact that the evolution of social segregation in the university environment was not only linked to educational policies, but also included those of the house in particular.
Photo Pierrick Delobelle
In Cher, if the four private colleges are in the first part of the ranking, several show IPS close to the departmental average (99.4 for Saint Jean-Baptiste de La Salle in Bourges and 98.6 for Notre-Dame in Vierzon). Same observation for schools: Sainte Thérèse of Dun-sur-Auron has an IPS of 92.9, while the public primary school is at 103.7.
“Less than 10% of students in the department, including high school students, attend a private school. So we have a very weak presence.”
(empty) These data were listened to by the historian specialist of the school, Bruno Poucet, professor of the universities in Education Sciences within the University of Picardie Jules-Verne. First observation:the very small share of private education in the Centre-Val de Loire region, and especially in the Cher . “Less than 10% of students in the department, including high school students, attend a private school. We therefore have a very weak presence, “she says, pointing out that the share is almost 40% in Brittany. In the columns ofWorld , the researcher had highlighted the fact that “the real gap between private and public is the magnifying mirror of the inequalities of the French education system. There is an over-representation of the wealthy classes in the private sector. He had invited caution: “we need to look department by department. Sometimes the social standing is no higher or only slightly higher in private
“. This observation is consistent with one of the conclusions of the aforementioned study: “in rather rural departments where the private sector is rare, the private sector is close to the public in the social composition of the pupils it receives”.
The greater the number of institutes, the closer they are to what happens in large cities where the concentration of the most advantaged students in private institutes is undeniable.
(empty) “The bigger an institution is, the closer it is to what happens in big cities where there is an undeniable concentration of the most advantaged students in private institutions,” he told us. “In the Cher, we have the two private colleges under contract in Bourges – including a large one in Vierzon, and one in a rural area, in Nérondes, where the public and private colleges have almost identical IPS and close patent results. The only college that stands out in the Cher, which seems closer to the logic of large cities, is Sainte-Marie
Our structure is growing. This can only be done around an educational project and not based on an elitist approach or a culture of self-segregation.
Arnaud Patural An institution in the Bourges Center school complex, which its coordinator, Arnaud Patural, refuses to see described as elitist. “IPS are perhaps a little higher than elsewhere due to our city center location. However, they are far below the establishments in Orléans or Tours. Our structure is growing. This can only be done around an educational project and not based on an elitist approach or a culture of self-segregation.
SE-Unsa and FSU denounce the contribution of the state and communities to the financing of private education
“The central role of private education in social segregation at school is an open secret. The publication of the IPS comes to objectify the situation
. Reading the IPS, the first place in the private sector, for schools and universities, attracted the attention of Agnès Rose Da Costa (SE-Unsa). A post it parallels with state and community contracted private funding (73% of the private education budget), which “doesn’t have to be.” On the side of the FSU, Matthieu Pichard also hammers out the opposition of his union “to the funding of private institutions by the state which, in addition to funding by families, creates aunfair competition between the public and private sectors
. Especially since private institutions, unlike public ones, do not answer to the communities for the use of these means”. Behind this theme there is precisely that of school co-education, which the Minister of Education, Pap Ndiaye, has said he wants to make a priority, which is at stake. “Work on diversity, on how we can lead students to success, through means and a reduction in the number of students per class, is essential. . We would like to be able to discuss it in the context of a real consultation and only receive announcements, ”says Matthieu Pichard. “For SE-Unsa,mixing students regardless of their social origin is an essential condition for everyone’s academic success
. This must be a priority for our department”, underlines Agnès Rose Da Costa, who calls for several schools (Aubigny-sur-Nère, Saint-Amand-Montrond, Mehun-sur-Yèvre in particular) to be classified in priority educational networks. “And we can only say, as far as IPS is concerned, that the sectorisation should be reviewed in some places. »
Guillerm M., Monso O., Evolution of the social mix of colleges, Informative note, n° 22.26, DEPP.
schools. The average departmental GPI for schools is 98. The lowest GPIs are for Bourges: Paul-Arnault (63.9), Marcel-Plaisant (65.5), Pressavois (65.7). The highest: Saint-Caprais (121.8), Beaumont-Carolus in Bourges (122.1) and the Saint-Étienne private school (127.1). Forty schools have an IPS below 90, i.e. 21.28% of the establishments in the department (20% nationally, 61% in Seine-Saint-Denis). Eleven are classified as priority education networks. The Cher has 11 private schools. Only one figure (Saint-Étienne in Bourges) in the ten highest IPS. The second, Saint-Joseph/Jeanne d’Arc, from Saint-Amand-Montrond, is in 12th place (116.1). If Sainte-Marthe (Bourges), is close to the average (97.9), Sainte-Thérèse, in Dun-sur-Auron, is below it (92.9).
. The average departmental IPS for colleges is 98.2. The lowest GPIs concern Vierzon (Édouard-Vaillant, 75.1) and Bourges (Victor-Hugo, 80.3 and Le Grand Meaulnes, 80.8). The highest: Louis-Armand in Saint-Doulchard (111.8), Émile-Littré (112.7) and Sainte-Marie (120) in Bourges. Four colleges fall under priority education networks. Only one private college in the department is among the top ten IPS. All four are above the departmental average. The Sainte-Marie college has the highest patent success rate for 2021-2022 (98.30%), ahead of the Jean-Renoir college of Bourges (95.70%, IPS of 102.7) and Béthune-Sully d ‘Henrichemont (93.9%, GPI of 110.1). Note that the Marguerite-Audoux college of Sancoins, with an IPS of 88.1, ranked in the priority education network, has the 5th best patent success rate (93.10%).
In Cher’s boarding schools
In the schools of Cher