As much as humans have been at war with each other, they have enlisted animals to support them. Horses of course. But also all kinds of other innocent creatures. From the dog to the elephant through the mosquito, the bear and the dolphin.
When we talk about war and animals, we naturally think of the horse immediately. No other animal has played such a central role in the history of warfare as the horse. He has already been on the side of men for this purpose for 5,000 years. But other animals have been recruited over the centuries. By fair or foul means. And more or less successfully.
The dog is faithful in all circumstances
TheHe is man’s best friend. And he may also have been, along with the horse, one of the first animals to accompany soldiers on the battlefield. It tells the story of how, around 600 BC, a herd of dogs defeated an army that intended to invade Lydia, an ancient country in Asia Minor, near the Aegean Sea. Even the Romans equipped them From the war of collars and sprockets.
Today, military dogs are more easily reserved for the roles of messengers, trackers, scouts, guards, or sniffers. This is an example of dogs trained to find bombs by the US military in Afghanistan and Iraq.
The dove always travels
Pigeons – like other birds – are masters of guidance. And when he’s trained in this, he can even find his way back for nearly 3,000 kilometers. We understand why the military has long used pigeons to relay messages.
During the siege of Paris by the Prussian forces (1870-1871), homing pigeons were used to carry messages. To intercept them, the Germans relied on hawks.
during theHowever, thousands of pigeons have been trained for military operations “class”. Among them is Gustav. It took more than five hours to travel 240 kilometers and convey news of the impending landing in Normandy to British forces.
Elephant, quiet force
On the battlefieldIt can become a valuable ally. Its size, really. because he is the greatest live on . Because it is trained and equipped with armor and nails At the end of its defenses, it becomes simply formidable. Able to literally crush enemy forces.
Thus, when Alexander the Great appeared on the battlefield of Gaugamela, around 331 BC, he found himself facing the war elephants of the Persian Empire. Once the battle was won, he incorporated these elephants into his forces.
Camel in a hostile environment
A camel is hardly able to charge as well as a horse. Its advantage is that it supports hiking in difficult conditions and with heavy loads. For example, it was used to transport the wounded in India during the First World War. It is still used for patrols in deserts or mountains.
Mosquitoes are a deadly weapon?
Among the somewhat bizarre attempts to get animal support, let’s quote the German army, during World War II. I decided to flood the swampy areas south of Rome, Italy, to providefavorable environment for its spread. And the mosquito settled there. But when fighting broke out in the area, he suffered from Hit the Allied soldiers and… German soldiers!
Cattle to charge the opponent
Those who wanted to take advantage of the power of the herds of cattle also experienced some disappointments. If the tactic seemed to work well before firearms appearedIt turns out to be more random then.
In West Africa, for example, on the occasion of the Battle of Tondibe (1591), the army of the Songhai Empire expected to charge the Moroccan lines with a thousand fleeing cattle. But the gunfire frightened the cattle. And the herd turned against the army that had started it.
Bee to penetrate enemy lines
Bees were also sometimes used to attack opposing lines in times of war. Since ancient times, the Greeks and Romans had a habit of throwing beehives beyondbesieged cities. even through In the 1960s and 1970s, guerrillas reportedly placed wild beehives along patrol paths and excited their residents with fireworks as soldiers approached.
Foetk bear weighing 400 kg
Although the bear has appeared many times on the battlefields, it is among those appearances that are especially remembered. Bear miss you. Adopted by Polish soldiers, he fought in Iraq, Palestine, Egypt and then Italy where, in 1944, he was in one of the bloodiest battles of World War II. With a 400-kilogram and eighty-meter meter, he then helped transport boxes of ammunition.
The dolphin wins the water battle
The dolphin is perhaps the most amazing animal that has already served military purposes. Its main assets: its echolocation capabilities, which make it capable of identifying underwater objects. Thus they can become good patrol rangers or good underwater mine detectors. Dolphin participated in demining the port of Umm Qasr during the Iraq War.
Dolphins can also be trained to spot enemy divers or help friendly swimmers. On the other hand, the armies deny the rumors that they would be able to execute a soldier.