In Tunisia there are several sources of water. Some of them are natural, while others are man-made.
Natural sources of water in Tunisia include rivers, lakes and groundwater. The most important rivers of Tunisia are Medjerda and Miliane. Lake Tunis is another important natural reservoir in the country.
Artificial sources of water in Tunisia include dams and wells. Dams are built on rivers and lakes to regulate water flow and store water for irrigation and drinking water supply. Wells are dug in the ground to reach groundwater and collect groundwater.
Tunisia has approximately 5 billion cubic meters of water resources, 42% of which is groundwater.
Surface water accounts for 2.7 billion cubic meters and groundwater 1.8 billion cubic meters.
Groundwater is the main source of irrigation, representing about 50% of the irrigated areas, while surface water represents 60% of mobilizable water.
Groundwater represents the main source of water for irrigation on about 50% of the irrigated areas, while surface water covers 60% of the mobilized water resources, which are estimated at 4.6 billion cubic meters and 80 % of water resources are found in the north of the country.
It is important to note that water in Tunisia is a precious commodity and resources are limited.
Therefore, it is important to manage water resources responsibly and ensure that they are used sustainably.
The effect of drought:
Drought can have serious consequences for local communities and economies in Tunisia, especially for farmers and herders who depend on rainfall to grow crops and feed their livestock.
It can also lead to public health problems, such as waterborne disease outbreaks and conflicts over access to safe drinking water.
Access to quality drinking water is essential for people’s health and well-being.
Unsafe water can be contaminated with bacteria, viruses, parasites and other harmful substances, which can lead to serious health problems, such as gastrointestinal infections, waterborne diseases and epidemics.
There are several reasons why the water may be undrinkable in Tunisia. This may be due to poor water quality in supply sources, inefficient water collection and treatment systems, or damaged water distribution networks. Other factors may include adverse weather conditions, such as drought and unsustainable water use practices.
To solve the unsafe water problem in Tunisia, it is important to ensure that water is collected, treated and distributed efficiently and sustainably. This can include building quality water treatment systems, repairing and maintaining water distribution networks, and raising awareness of the importance of responsible water use.
It is also important to ensure that people have access to quality drinking water and to put monitoring systems in place to ensure that the water is safe to drink.