In 2021, the national police and gendarmerie services registered 880 cases for trafficking and exploitation offences. This number is decreasing (-7%) compared to 2019, the reference year before the health crisis, even if it increases by 12% between 2016 and 2021. Instead, the numbers of victims and defendants have increased since 2019. in 2021 the security services registered 1,810 victims of trafficking or exploitation (i.e. +9% between 2019 and 2021) and identified 2,130 defendants, a number that has increased since 2016 (+51%).
The crimes of trafficking and exploitation are unevenly distributed throughout the territory: in large urban units more than half of the crimes are linked to the exploitation of prostitution, while in rural municipalities 52% are linked to labor exploitation. Since 2016 the number of victims of child sexual exploitation from
French nationality has been multiplied by 3 to reach 276 in 2021.
As soon as the police or gendarmerie services have ascertained a crime and have been able to associate a victim and/or defendant with it, the proceeding is forwarded to the Public Prosecutor’s Office, i.e. the Public Prosecutor’s Office. In 2021, 1,560 people were prosecuted for human trafficking or exploitation. This number is down 10% from 2019, after increasing 51% between 2016 and 2019. Four out of five people (78%) are prosecuted for pimping, the rate has increased by 12 points since 2019, while labor exploitation and trafficking decreased by 10 and 5 points respectively.
The characteristics of those convicted of trafficking or exploitation of human beings are marked: women represent a quarter of those convicted (10% of all convicted); more than half of the convicted are foreigners (16% of the total). The types of crimes of trafficking or exploitation differ quite clearly according to the nationality of the perpetrators: two thirds of those convicted of exploitation of begging are citizens of a country of the European Union (excluding France); 4 out of 10 convicted of trafficking come from sub-Saharan African countries.
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Interstat analysis No. 49
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