According to the Glorieuse’s calculations, Friday 4 November is the date on which “women in France start working for free”. How is this date calculated? And what does it tell us about wage disparities between women and men in France? Decryption.
Women earn 15.8% less than men
the Friday 4th November 2022 it is the day when “women in France start working for free”, according to the calculations of the newsletter of Les Glorieuses. What exactly does this date correspond to, intended to highlight the wage disparities between women and men? To understand this it is necessary, first of all, to go back to the latest estimate of the average wage gap between women and men for France. According to Eurostat data, in 2020, women in France received a 15.8% lower salary than men. This gap is slightly decreasing compared to 2019, but remains higher than that observed at the beginning of the 2010 decade.
By choosing to compare the observed pay gap with men’s paythe pay gap between men and women is systematically reduced to a minimum.
The same difference relative to a lower salary (that of women) leads to a higher percentage, in this case instead of 15.8% we would have about 20% if we tried how much the salary of women so that it reaches that of men.
The salary figures presented here are expressed in ” full time equivalent (EQTP). According to this calculation method, all wages are converted full-time throughout the year, regardless of the volume of work actually performed.
In the absence of wage inequality, that is, if women earned as much as men, they would only have to work a little over 213 days to get the same salary today. However, 213And the working day of the year 2022 is Friday 4th November.
The figure of 213 working days is obtained by comparing the gender pay gap, equal to 84.2%, to the total number of working days in 2022, or 253: (100 – 15.8) / 100 × 253 ≈ 213.
How to explain the gender pay gap?
Accounting for wage inequalities between women and men is complex. First of all, it is not easy to reason “on equal terms”, ie with strictly identical characteristics (type of job, years of experience, etc.) to explain this pay gap. Many factors come into play.
According to one study of the National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE), almost two thirds of the wage gap between women and men can be explained by the ” professional segregation “(difference in the positions held). In fact, women and men do not work in the same professions and sectors and do not occupy the same positions, or a specific profession within a given company. Consequently, the lower pay of women than men explains only one third of thepay gap between women and men for the same position in the private sector.
Wage gap: the Glorieuses proposals
In order to reduce the average wage gap between women and men, Les Glorieuses proposes in particular:
– The application of a principle of equal conditionality: the objective in this case would be to make access to public procurement, state grants and state guaranteed loans (PGE) conditional on equal pay within the company concerned.
– The increase in wages for predominantly female jobs (nurses, midwives, teachers, etc.). This would in particular reduce the effect of the professional segregation referred to above.
– The adoption of parental leave of equivalent duration for both parents.